Khojaly Genocide (+video)

The Khojaly Massacre was the killing of hundreds of ethnic Azerbaijani civilians from the town of Khojaly on 25–26 February 1992 by the Armenian and Russian armed forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. According to the Azerbaijani side, as well as Memorial Human Rights Center, Human Rights Watch and other international observers, the massacre was committed by the ethnic Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, apparently not acting on orders from the command. Occupation of Khojaly was followed with unprecedented brutalities against the civilian population. In a few hours the aggressors killed 613 innocent and unarmed people. Continue reading

Magic English – Tick-Tock Time 2.

One of the easiest ways of learning a language is to live with that language, to include it to your daily life, to learn grammar, words and phrases not from textbooks, but from movies, daily conversations, real life. To help English learners, I decided to find and post videos that will assist them to learn more effectively

Continue reading

Azerbaijan’s state symbols

Under the constitution Azerbaijan’s state symbols are the state flag, state emblem and national anthem.

On 9th November 1918, the Government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic adopted the first resolition on a tricolour national flag. After the collapse of the Azerbaijan Republic on 28th April 1920 and establishment of Soviet regime, the flag was rejected. The tricolour was restored on 17th November 1990, following a decision made at the Supreme Majlis session of the Nakhchivan Autonomous  Republic and approved as its national flag. The issue of official recognition of the tricolour as the national flag by the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR was put on the agenda fro its session. On 5th February 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR considered an appeal by the Supreme Majlis of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and adapted the tricolour as the national flag of Azerbaijan.

Continue reading

Azerbaijan – one of the centres of civilization

The territory of Azerbaijan is rich in archeological monuments that prove it to be one of the most ancient settled areas in the region. With continuous human habitation, Azerbaijan has a wealth of monuments from every evolutionary period. The history of human life on Azerbaijani territory goes back about two million years. Azikh, Taghlar (Khojavand district, Garabagh), Damjili, Dashsalahli (Gazakh district), Gazma (Nakhchivan) are in the list of the world’s most ancient archeological monuments. The Azikh cave (azikh in ancient Turkish means “bear”) is the biggest cave in Azerbaijan. The cave, 230 metres long, has six interconnecting chambers. In 1968, Azerbaijani paleontologist, Mammadali Huseinov, (1922-1994) discovered a lower jawbone of Early Man from Azikh cave, which turned out to be one of the Neanderthal type. It has been since analyzed independently in the West and confirmed to be between 350.000-400.000 years old. It was named after the place where it was found “Azikhantrop” (Azikh Man).

Continue reading

Why is Azerbaijan called Land of Fire

There are several theories why Azerbaijan is called Land of Fire. Yet, since olden times Aturpatakan, which was one of the early primary names of oil-rich Azerbaijan mentioned in Persian sources, meant “a place where sacred fire is preserved”. Oil extraction in Absheron peninsula which is one of the ancient oil regions of the world, dates back to the 7th-6th centuries BC. Information about is found in the works of ancient and medieval historians. For instance, ancient Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus, (4th century AD) in his “History” noted that in the ancient states of Azerbaijan they used “Midian oil” which was called nafta in the local language.

Continue reading