Lincoln’s Letter to His Son’s Headmaster

He will have to learn, I know,   
that all men are not just,
all men are not true.
But teach him also that
for every scoundrel there is a hero;
that for every selfish Politician,
there is a dedicated leader…
Teach him for every enemy there is a friend.
Steer him away from envy,if you can,
teach him the secret of quiet laughter.
Let him learn early that the bullies are the easiest to lick…
Teach him, if you can, the wonder of books…
But also give him quiet time to ponder
the eternal mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun, and the flowers on a green hillside.
In the school teach him

Continue reading

The origin of the Azerbaijani language

Since early times the Azerbaijanis were speaking proto-Turkic language. Yet in the early medieval times  (3rd-7th centuries), despite dialect differences, indigenous and migrated  Turkic ethnics began to merge as a unique nation. In this period some phonetic traits that differentiated the Azerbaijani language from other Turkish ones emerged. During the 7th and 8th centuries the formation of the Azerbaijani people and language has already come to a conclusion. Continue reading

Palace of Shirvanshahs

The Shirvanshahs’ palace complex, one of the most beautiful monuments of national architecture, was built by the order of Khalilullah I (1417-1462), Shirvanshah in 1420-60, in the old part of the city of Baku. The palace is situated on the highest point of one of the hills of the Icheri Sheher, the Baku fortress. Picturesquely spread over three terrace-yards the ensemble can be seen from the sea and the heights surrounding the city.  Its building is crowned with cupolas with proportioned portals and a minaret. It has fine, deep carvings of decorations and inscriptons and splended masonry.

Continue reading