Maiden Tower

Maiden tower BakuThe most majestic and mysterious monument of Baku is Giz Galasy – the Maiden Tower rising in the south-eastern part of the fortress of Ichari Shahar. This unique building of the Azerbaijani architecture does not have any analogues in the East. The Maiden Tower has attracted attention by its majestic appearance for centuries in the historical center of Baku, in the territory of the Icheri Sheher (Old City). The Maiden’s Tower is situated in the South-East part of the Icheri sheher. This unique monument of Azerbaijan architecture was built in two periods. Most Azerbaijani scholars think the lower part of the monument, the first 13.7 metres, dates from VII-VI centuries BC. Continue reading

Azerbaijani Cuisine

Azerbaijanian Turks People Cuisine, throughout the centuries, has been influenced by the foods of different Cultures due to political and economic processes in Azerbaijan. Still, today’s Azerbaijanian Turks cuisine has distinctive and unique features. Many foods that are indigenous to the country can now be seen in the cuisines of other cultures. For the Azerbaijanian Turks, food is an important part of the country’s culture and is deeply rooted in the history, traditions and values of the nation. Continue reading

Thor Heyerdahl: Scandinavians came from Azerbaijan

According to Thor Heyerdahl the Norwegian mythology tells that the Scandinavian god Odin moved with his people to Norway from a land called Aser, in order to avoid Roman occupation. A 13th-century historian’s description of Aser’s origination matches that of Azerbaijan: east of the Caucasus mountains and the Black Sea.
Heyerdahl and other scholar are convinced that people living in the area now known as Azerbaijan settled in Scandinavia around 100 AD. Roman troops arrived in Azerbaijan in 97 AD.
Odin came from the land of the “Aser” (Aeser), and is, therefore, frequently referred to as “Asa-Odin” (Aser-Odin). Continue reading

The origin of the Azerbaijani language

Since early times the Azerbaijanis were speaking proto-Turkic language. Yet in the early medieval times  (3rd-7th centuries), despite dialect differences, indigenous and migrated  Turkic ethnics began to merge as a unique nation. In this period some phonetic traits that differentiated the Azerbaijani language from other Turkish ones emerged. During the 7th and 8th centuries the formation of the Azerbaijani people and language has already come to a conclusion. Continue reading

Palace of Shirvanshahs

The Shirvanshahs’ palace complex, one of the most beautiful monuments of national architecture, was built by the order of Khalilullah I (1417-1462), Shirvanshah in 1420-60, in the old part of the city of Baku. The palace is situated on the highest point of one of the hills of the Icheri Sheher, the Baku fortress. Picturesquely spread over three terrace-yards the ensemble can be seen from the sea and the heights surrounding the city.  Its building is crowned with cupolas with proportioned portals and a minaret. It has fine, deep carvings of decorations and inscriptons and splended masonry.

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March 31 – Genocide of the Azerbaijanis

Over a long period Azerbaijanis have repeatedly incurred planned genocides. As a result of massive departation and slaughter, today there’s not an Azerbaijani in modern Armenia, where historically the majority of the population were Azerbaijanis.

Since the early 20th century Armenian chauvinists, who were supported first by the Russian Tsar, then the Soviet Union, aimed to clear the South Caucasus of local people in the hope of creating “Greater Armenia”. As a result of frequent crimes of Genocide by the Armenians, two million Azerbaijanis were deported, 1.5 million were killed and ancient settlements, including historical monuments, were destroyed. Continue reading

Novruz Holiday

Novruz is the happiest and the most ancient holiday in Azerbaijan, which means “A New day”. It is interpreted as “the beginning of a new harvest, bread”. There are several versions, legends and arguments about the origin of this holiday. But, all of them are accepted that it’s the most ancient holiday on the Earth, coming with the vernal equinox (March 21-22). All they are connected with salvation. The salvation from winter, death and revival. It’s believed from historical records that Novruz has been celebrated in Azerbaijan since the third millenium BC, the time of ancient Babylon.

On the eve of the holiday people clean the house, clothes, utensils. She or he has to clean not only his or her body but also his or her spirit. You go Novruz only with kind intentions and honest thoughts.

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Khojaly Genocide (+video)

The Khojaly Massacre was the killing of hundreds of ethnic Azerbaijani civilians from the town of Khojaly on 25–26 February 1992 by the Armenian and Russian armed forces during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. According to the Azerbaijani side, as well as Memorial Human Rights Center, Human Rights Watch and other international observers, the massacre was committed by the ethnic Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, apparently not acting on orders from the command. Occupation of Khojaly was followed with unprecedented brutalities against the civilian population. In a few hours the aggressors killed 613 innocent and unarmed people. Continue reading

Azerbaijan’s state symbols

Under the constitution Azerbaijan’s state symbols are the state flag, state emblem and national anthem.

On 9th November 1918, the Government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic adopted the first resolition on a tricolour national flag. After the collapse of the Azerbaijan Republic on 28th April 1920 and establishment of Soviet regime, the flag was rejected. The tricolour was restored on 17th November 1990, following a decision made at the Supreme Majlis session of the Nakhchivan Autonomous  Republic and approved as its national flag. The issue of official recognition of the tricolour as the national flag by the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR was put on the agenda fro its session. On 5th February 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan SSR considered an appeal by the Supreme Majlis of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and adapted the tricolour as the national flag of Azerbaijan.

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