The most majestic and mysterious monument of Baku is Giz Galasy – the Maiden Tower rising in the south-eastern part of the fortress of Ichari Shahar. This unique building of the Azerbaijani architecture does not have any analogues in the East. The Maiden Tower has attracted attention by its majestic appearance for centuries in the historical center of Baku, in the territory of the Icheri Sheher (Old City). The Maiden’s Tower is situated in the South-East part of the Icheri sheher. This unique monument of Azerbaijan architecture was built in two periods. Most Azerbaijani scholars think the lower part of the monument, the first 13.7 metres, dates from VII-VI centuries BC. Continue reading
What is the population of Azerbaijani major cities?
Azerbaijan is the most populous of the republics of the Caucasus. After the Baku conurbation, the largest towns are Ganja, Sumgayit, Mingechevir, Nakhchivan, Ali-Bayramli, Khankendi and Sheki. The capital of Azerbaijan is Baku. The city covers 192,000 hectares.
Over a long period Azerbaijanis have repeatedly incurred planned genocides. As a result of massive departation and slaughter, today there’s not an Azerbaijani in modern Armenia, where historically the majority of the population were Azerbaijanis.
Since the early 20th century Armenian chauvinists, who were supported first by the Russian Tsar, then the Soviet Union, aimed to clear the South Caucasus of local people in the hope of creating “Greater Armenia”. As a result of frequent crimes of Genocide by the Armenians, two million Azerbaijanis were deported, 1.5 million were killed and ancient settlements, including historical monuments, were destroyed. Continue reading
The people were infuriated by the territorial claims and aggressive acts of Armenia, backed by the Soviet officials, against Azerbaijan, as well as by the anti-nationalist behavior of the local authorities. Azerbaijanis were being expelled from the land where they had lived for centuries. Since 1988 the national movement for liberty grew. This was a protest against the policy of the USSR and, as a result, for the independence of Azerbaijan. Thousands of people protesting against the policy of held demonstrations all day long in the central square (Now called Azadliq or Freedom Square) and the streets of Baku.