Azerbaijani for beginners – 2

Gender

There is no grammatical gender in Azerbaijani. The pronoun o and endings associated with it can mean he/she/it.

Articles

There are no articles, although the word bir (“one”) can be used as an indefinite article:
bir kitab “a book”.

In other cases, the definiteness or indefiniteness of an article has to be guessed from the context:
çay ucuzdur – “the tea is cheap” *or* “tea is cheap” Continue reading

Azerbaijani for beginners

Pronunciation

Like other Turkic languages in the former USSR, Azeri has gone through several changes of alphabet over the past century. Until the 1920s it was written in the Arabic alphabet, from 1928 to 1938 it, along with the other Turkic languages, was switched to Latin. From then on it was written in a modified Cyrillic script, and in 1992 it switched to a Latin alphabet, this time based on the one used in Turkey. In South Azerbaijan (Iran) Azeri is still written with the Arabic script.

The latin alphabet:

a b c ç d e ə f g ğ h x ı i j k q l m n o ö p r s ş t u ü v y z

and the cyrillic:

а б в г ғ д е ә ж з и ы ј к ҝ л м н о ө п р с т у ү ф х һ ч ҹ ш ‘

While the Cyrillic is being phased out and is hardly ever seen on the internet, it is still used in printing. since we’ll be using the Latin in this course these are only included for completeness’ sake.

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